NBER Papers on Program on Children

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w27846 Lisa Cameron
Jennifer Seager
Manisha Shah

Crimes Against Morality: Unintended Consequences of Criminalizing Sex Work
w27838 Elizabeth M. Caucutt
Lance Lochner
Joseph Mullins
Youngmin Park

Child Skill Production: Accounting for Parental and Market-Based Time and Goods Investments
w27830 Monica Deza
Alvaro Mezza

The Intergenerational Effects of the Vietnam Draft on Risky Behaviors
w27823 Orazio Attanasio
Áureo de Paula
Alessandro Toppeta

The Persistence of Socio-Emotional Skills: Life Cycle and Intergenerational Evidence
w27818 Eliana Avitzour
Adi Choen
Daphna Joel
Victor Lavy

On the Origins of Gender-Biased Behavior: The Role of Explicit and Implicit Stereotypes
w27812 Orazio Attanasio
Raquel Bernal
Michele Giannola
Milagros Nores

Child Development in the Early Years: Parental Investment and the Changing Dynamics of Different Dimensions
w27799 Ila Fazzio
Alex Eble
Robin L. Lumsdaine
Peter Boone
Baboucarr Bouy
Pei-Tseng Jenny Hsieh
Chitra Jayanty
Simon Johnson
Ana Filipa Silva

Large Learning Gains in Pockets of Extreme Poverty: Experimental Evidence from Guinea Bissau
w27797 Steven J. Haider
Melvin Stephens Jr.

Correcting for Misclassified Binary Regressors Using Instrumental Variables
w27796 Marianne Bitler
Hilary W. Hoynes
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

The Social Safety Net in the Wake of COVID-19
w27779 Mitra Akhtari
Natalie Bau
Jean-William P. Laliberté

Affirmative Action and Pre-College Human Capital
w27775 Douglas Almond
Yi Cheng

Perinatal Health among 1 Million Chinese-Americans
w27767 Pei-Ju Liao
Ping Wang
Yin-Chi Wang
Chong Kee Yip

To Stay or to Migrate? When Becker Meets Harris-Todaro
w27753 Isaac Swensen ⓡ
Jason M. Lindo ⓡ
Krishna Regmi

Stable Income, Stable Family
w27738 Ganesh Karapakula
James J. Heckman

Using a Satisficing Model of Experimenter Decision-Making to Guide Finite-Sample Inference for Compromised Experiments
w27737 Amanda M. Dettmer
James J. Heckman
Juan Pantano
Victor Ronda
Stephen J. Suomi

Intergenerational Effects of Early-Life Advantage: Lessons from a Primate Study
w27729 Jeehoon Han
Bruce D. Meyer
James X. Sullivan

Income and Poverty in the COVID-19 Pandemic
w27717 Jacob Bastian
Lance Lochner

The EITC and Maternal Time Use: More Time Working and Less Time with Kids?
w27714 Shirin A. Hashim
Thomas J. Kane
Thomas Kelley-Kemple
Mary E. Laski
Douglas O. Staiger

Have Income-Based Achievement Gaps Widened or Narrowed?
w27713 Ozkan Eren
Naci H. Mocan

Judge Peer Effects in the Courthouse
w27689 Anna Aizer
Ryan Boone
Adriana Lleras-Muney
Jonathan Vogel

Discrimination and Racial Disparities in Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from WWII
w27688 Gregorio S. Caetano
Hugh Macartney

What Determines School Segregation? The Crucial Role of Neighborhood Factors
w27673 Brian Beach
Karen Clay
Martin H. Saavedra

The 1918 Influenza Pandemic and its Lessons for COVID-19
w27633 Kasey Buckles
William N. Evans
Ethan M.J. Lieber

The Drug Crisis and the Living Arrangements of Children
w27618 Gordon B. Dahl
Dan-Olof Rooth
Anders Stenberg

Family Spillovers in Field of Study
w27611 Joan Hamory
Edward Miguel
Michael W. Walker
Michael Kremer
Sarah J. Baird

Twenty Year Economic Impacts of Deworming
w27555 Andrew Bacher-Hicks
Joshua Goodman
Christine Mulhern

Inequality in Household Adaptation to Schooling Shocks: Covid-Induced Online Learning Engagement in Real Time
w27548 Felipe Barrera-Osorio
Adriana D. Kugler
Mikko I. Silliman

Hard and Soft Skills in Vocational Training: Experimental Evidence from Colombia
w27544 Janet Currie
Hannes Schwandt

The Opioid Epidemic Was Not Caused by Economic Distress But by Factors that Could be More Rapidly Addressed
w27524 Gordon Dahl
Dan-Olof Rooth
Anders Stenberg

Long-Run Returns to Field of Study in Secondary School
w27523 Anna Aizer
Shari Eli
Adriana Lleras-Muney

The Incentive Effects of Cash Transfers to the Poor
w27514 Adriana Lleras-Muney
Joseph Price
Dahai Yue

The Association Between Educational Attainment and Longevity using Individual Level Data from the 1940 Census
w27513 Eric V. Edmonds
Benjamin Feigenberg
Jessica Leight

Advancing the Agency of Adolescent Girls
w27484 Eric A. Hanushek
Lavinia Kinne
Philipp Lergetporer
Ludger Woessmann

Culture and Student Achievement: The Intertwined Roles of Patience and Risk-Taking
w27476 Andre Nickow
Philip Oreopoulos
Vincent Quan

The Impressive Effects of Tutoring on PreK-12 Learning: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Experimental Evidence
w27469 N. Meltem Daysal
Michael F. Lovenheim
Nikolaj Siersbæk
David N. Wasser

Home Prices, Fertility, and Early-Life Health Outcomes
w27449 Seema Jayachandran
Social Norms as a Barrier to Women's Employment in Developing Countries
w27444 Elira Kuka
Na'ama Shenhav

Long-Run Effects of Incentivizing Work After Childbirth
w27356 James J. Heckman
Bei Liu
Mai Lu
Jin Zhou

Treatment Effects and the Measurement of Skills in a Prototypical Home Visiting Program
w27103 Anna Aizer
Shari Eli
Adriana Lleras-Muney
Keyoung Lee

Do Youth Employment Programs Work? Evidence from the New Deal
w27337 Adriana Lleras-Muney
Matthew Miller
Shuyang Sheng
Veronica T. Sovero

Party On: The Labor Market Returns to Social Networks and Socializing
w27336 John Cawley
Euna Han
Jiyoon Kim
Edward C. Norton

Sibling Correlation in Educational Attainment: A Test of Genetic Nurture
w27326 Mireille Jacobson
Maria Kogelnik
Heather Royer

Holiday, Just One Day Out of Life: Birth Timing and Post-natal Outcomes
w27302 Stephen B. Billings
Eric Chyn
Kareem Haggag

The Long-Run Effects of School Racial Diversity on Political Identity
w27298 Annie Duflo
Jessica Kiessel
Adrienne Lucas

External Validity: Four Models of Improving Student Achievement
w27294 Emily E. Wiemers
Scott Abrahams
Marwa AlFakhri
V. Joseph Hotz
Robert F. Schoeni
Judith A. Seltzer

Disparities in Vulnerability to Severe Complications from COVID-19 in the United States
w27241 Natalie Bau
Martin Rotemberg
Manisha Shah
Bryce Steinberg

Human Capital Investment in the Presence of Child Labor
w27240 Jason M. Lindo
Isaac D. Swensen
Glen R. Waddell

Persistent Effects of Violent Media Content
w27217 Hamid R. Oskorouchi
Alfonso Sousa-Poza
David E. Bloom

The Long-Term Cognitive and Schooling Effects of Childhood Vaccinations in China
w27196 David Autor
David N. Figlio
Krzysztof Karbownik
Jeffrey Roth
Melanie Wasserman

Males at the Tails: How Socioeconomic Status Shapes the Gender Gap
w27174 Manuel Flores Mallo
Barbara L. Wolfe

The Influence of Early Life Health Conditions on Life Course Health
w27130 Henrik Kleven
Camille Landais
Jakob Egholt Søgaard

Does Biology Drive Child Penalties? Evidence from Biological and Adoptive Families
w27125 Deven E. Carlson
Alex Schmidt
Sarah Souders
Barbara L. Wolfe

The Effects of Need-Based Financial Aid on Employment and Earnings: Experimental Evidence from the Fund for Wisconsin Scholars
w27098 Shooshan Danagoulian
Daniel S. Grossman
David Slusky

Office Visits Preventing Emergency Room Visits: Evidence From the Flint Water Switch
w27091 Dhaval M. Dave
Andrew I. Friedson
Kyutaro Matsuzawa
Joseph J. Sabia

When Do Shelter-in-Place Orders Fight COVID-19 Best? Policy Heterogeneity Across States and Adoption Time
w27054 Benjamin Hansen
Drew McNichols

Information and the Persistence of the Gender Wage Gap: Early Evidence from California's Salary History Ban
w27050 Francesco Agostinelli
Matthias Doepke
Giuseppe Sorrenti
Fabrizio Zilibotti

It Takes a Village: The Economics of Parenting with Neighborhood and Peer Effects
w27033 Maria D. Fitzpatrick
Cassandra Benson
Samuel R. Bondurant

Beyond Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic: The Role of Teachers and Schools in Reporting Child Maltreatment
w26992 Andrew I. Friedson
Drew McNichols
Joseph J. Sabia
Dhaval Dave

Did California's Shelter-in-Place Order Work? Early Coronavirus-Related Public Health Effects
w26979 Daniel M. Hungerman
Vivek S. Moorthy

Every Day is Earth Day: Evidence on the Long-term Impact of Environmental Activism
w26977 Dhaval M. Dave
Daniel L. Dench
Donald S. Kenkel
Alan D. Mathios
Hua Wang

News that Takes Your Breath Away: Risk Perceptions During an Outbreak of Vaping-related Lung Injuries
w26967 Eric Bettinger
Robert W. Fairlie
Anastasia Kapuza
Elena Kardanova
Prashant Loyalka
Andrey Zakharov

Does EdTech Substitute for Traditional Learning? Experimental Estimates of the Educational Production Function
w26957 Mark R. Rosenzweig
Rafael J. Santos Villagran

Is Fish Brain Food or Brain Poison? Sea Surface Temperature, Methyl-mercury and Child Cognitive Development
w26953 Yue Ma
Robert W. Fairlie
Prashant Loyalka
Scott Rozelle

Isolating the "Tech" from EdTech: Experimental Evidence on Computer Assisted Learning in China
w26942 Martha J. Bailey
Hilary W. Hoynes
Maya Rossin-Slater
Reed Walker

Is the Social Safety Net a Long-Term Investment? Large-Scale Evidence from the Food Stamps Program
w26933 Pierre-André Chiappori
Monica Costa Dias
Sam Crossman
Costas Meghir

Changes in Assortative Matching and Inequality in Income: Evidence for the UK
w26932 Pierre-André Chiappori
Monica Costa Dias
Costas Meghir

Changes in Assortative Matching: Theory and Evidence for the US
w26928 Erika Deserranno
Aisha Nansamba
Nancy Qian

Aid Crowd-Out: The Effect of NGOs on Government-Provided Public Services
w26910 Phillip B. Levine
Jennifer Ma
Lauren C. Russell

Do College Applicants Respond to Changes in Sticker Prices Even When They Don't Matter?
w26883 Magne Mogstad
Joseph P. Romano
Azeem Shaikh
Daniel Wilhelm

Inference for Ranks with Applications to Mobility across Neighborhoods and Academic Achievement across Countries
w26880 Jorge Luis García
James J. Heckman

Early Childhood Education and Life-cycle Health
w26871 Adam Sacarny
Katherine Baicker
Amy Finkelstein

Out of the Woodwork: Enrollment Spillovers in the Oregon Health Insurance Experiment
w26835 Pierre Mouganie
Ruba Ajeeb
Mark Hoekstra

The Effect of Open-Air Waste Burning on Infant Health: Evidence from Government Failure in Lebanon
w26813 Juan Chaparro
Aaron Sojourner
Matthew J. Wiswall

Early Childhood Care and Cognitive Development
w26775 Michael Kremer
Jonathan D. Levin
Christopher M. Snyder

Advance Market Commitments: Insights from Theory and Experience
w26764 Eric A. Hanushek
Paul E. Peterson
Laura M. Talpey
Ludger Woessmann

Long-run Trends in the U.S. SES-Achievement Gap
w26759 C. Kirabo Jackson
Shanette C. Porter
John Q. Easton
Alyssa Blanchard
Sebastián Kiguel

School Effects on Socio-emotional Development, School-Based Arrests, and Educational Attainment
w26758 David N. Figlio
Cassandra M.D. Hart
Krzysztof Karbownik

Effects of Scaling Up Private School Choice Programs on Public School Students
w26749 Engy Ziedan
Robert Kaestner

Effect of Prescription Opioids and Prescription Opioid Control Policies on Infant Health
w26748 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Emmanuel Saez
Nicholas Turner
Danny Yagan

The Determinants of Income Segregation and Intergenerational Mobility: Using Test Scores to Measure Undermatching
w26732 James Berry
Rebecca Dizon-Ross
Maulik Jagnani

Not Playing Favorites: An Experiment on Parental Fairness Preferences
w26728 Phillip B. Levine
Robin McKnight

Not All School Shootings are the Same and the Differences Matter
w26725 Katherine Meckel
Is the Cure Worse than the Disease? Unintended Effects of Payment Reform in a Quantity-based Transfer Program
w26718 Katherine Meckel
Maya Rossin-Slater
Lindsey M. Uniat

Efficiency Versus Equity in the Provision of In-Kind Benefits: Evidence from Cost Containment in the California WIC Program
w26715 Janet Currie
Henrik Kleven
Esmée Zwiers

Technology and Big Data Are Changing Economics: Mining Text to Track Methods
w26709 Elizabeth U. Cascio
Na’ama Shenhav

A Century of the American Woman Voter: Sex Gaps in Political Participation, Preferences, and Partisanship Since Women's Enfranchisement
w26691 George Wehby
Robert Kaestner
Wei Lyu
Dhaval M. Dave

Effects of the Minimum Wage on Child Health
w26678 Qing Hu
Ross Levine
Chen Lin
Mingzhu Tai

Finance and Children's Academic Performance
w26674 Gordon B. Dahl
Cristina Felfe
Paul Frijters
Helmut Rainer

Caught between Cultures: Unintended Consequences of Improving Opportunity for Immigrant Girls
w26662 Sarah Miller
Laura R. Wherry
Diana Greene Foster

The Economic Consequences of Being Denied an Abortion
w26659 Janet Currie
John Voorheis
Reed Walker

What Caused Racial Disparities in Particulate Exposure to Fall? New Evidence from the Clean Air Act and Satellite-Based Measures of Air Quality
w26622 Anne A. Brenøe
Serena P. Canaan
Nikolaj A. Harmon
Heather N. Royer

Is Parental Leave Costly for Firms and Coworkers?
w26617 Claudia Goldin
Sari Pekkala Kerr
Claudia Olivetti

Why Firms Offer Paid Parental Leave: An Exploratory Study
w26584 Joshua Angrist
Brigham Frandsen

Machine Labor
w26563 Maya Rossin-Slater
Molly Schnell
Hannes Schwandt
Sam Trejo
Lindsey Uniat

Local Exposure to School Shootings and Youth Antidepressant Use
w26516 Orazio Attanasio
Flávio Cunha
Pamela Jervis

Subjective Parental Beliefs. Their Measurement and Role
w26515 Eric Chyn
Kareem Haggag

Moved to Vote: The Long-Run Effects of Neighborhoods on Political Participation
w26504 Lucie Schmidt
Lara Shore-Sheppard
Tara Watson

The Impact of Expanding Public Health Insurance on Safety Net Program Participation: Evidence from the ACA Medicaid Expansion
w26502 Joshua Goodman
Michael Hurwitz
Christine Mulhern
Jonathan Smith

O Brother, Where Start Thou? Sibling Spillovers in College Enrollment
w26491 Jason Fletcher
Jinho Kim
Jenna Nobles
Stephen Ross
Irina Shaorshadze

The Effects of Foreign-Born Peers in US High Schools and Middle Schools
w26480 Marianne Bitler
Sean Corcoran
Thurston Domina
Emily Penner

Teacher Effects on Student Achievement and Height: A Cautionary Tale
w26476 Daniel L. Dench
Theodore J. Joyce

The Earned Income Tax Credit and Infant Health Revisited
w26463 Susan Athey
Raj Chetty
Guido W. Imbens
Hyunseung Kang

The Surrogate Index: Combining Short-Term Proxies to Estimate Long-Term Treatment Effects More Rapidly and Precisely
w26460 Zachary Wagner
Somalee Banerjee
Manoj Mohanan
Neeraj Sood

Does The Market Reward Quality?: Evidence from India
w26442 Jason Fletcher
Katie M. Jajtner

Intergenerational Health Mobility: Magnitudes and Importance of Schools and Place
w26420 Ran Abramitzky
Victor Lavy
Maayan Segev

The Effect of Changes in the Skill Premium on College Degree Attainment and the Choice of Major
w26419 Deven E. Carlson
Felix Elwert
Nicholas Hillman
Alex Schmidt
Barbara L. Wolfe

The Effects of Financial Aid Grant Offers on Postsecondary Educational Outcomes: New Experimental Evidence from the Fund for Wisconsin Scholars
w26416 Martha J. Bailey
Tanya S. Byker
Elena Patel
Shanthi Ramnath

The Long-Term Effects of California's 2004 Paid Family Leave Act on Women's Careers: Evidence from U.S. Tax Data
w26411 Krzysztof Karbownik
Umut Özek

Setting a Good Example? Examining Sibling Spillovers in Educational Achievement Using a Regression Discontinuity Design
w26408 Ran Abramitzky
Leah Platt Boustan
Elisa Jácome
Santiago Pérez

Intergenerational Mobility of Immigrants in the US over Two Centuries
w26386 Thomas Dee
Emily Penner

My Brother's Keeper? The Impact of Targeted Educational Supports
w26384 Jiyoon Kim
Ajin Lee
Maya Rossin-Slater

What to Expect When It Gets Hotter: The Impacts of Prenatal Exposure to Extreme Heat on Maternal Health
w26368 Krzysztof Karbownik
Anthony Wray

Educational, Labor-market and Intergenerational Consequences of Poor Childhood Health
w26362 Joanna Venator
Jason Fletcher

Undue Burden Beyond Texas: An Analysis of Abortion Clinic Closures, Births, And Abortions in Wisconsin
w26343 Dhaval M. Dave
Muzhe Yang

Maternal and Fetal Health Effects of Working during Pregnancy
w26325 Michael Baker
Kirsten Cornelson

The Tall and the Short of the Returns to Height
w26303 Alberto Bisin
Giulia Tura

Marriage, Fertility, and Cultural Integration in Italy
w26282 Clément de Chaisemartin
Luc Behaghel

Estimating the Effect of Treatments Allocated by Randomized Waiting Lists.
w26280 Rosangela Bando
Emma Näslund-Hadley
Paul Gertler

Effect of Inquiry and Problem Based Pedagogy on Learning: Evidence from 10 Field Experiments in Four Countries
w26257 Andrew Bacher-Hicks
Stephen B. Billings
David J. Deming

The School to Prison Pipeline: Long-Run Impacts of School Suspensions on Adult Crime
w26242 Donna K. Ginther
Astrid L. Grasdal
Robert A. Pollak

Fathers' Multiple-Partner Fertility and Children's Educational Outcomes
w26238 Andrew Goodman-Bacon
Jamein P. Cunningham

Changes in Family Structure and Welfare Participation Since the 1960s: The Role of Legal Services
w26228 Jason M. Lindo
Mayra Pineda-Torres

New Evidence on the Effects of Mandatory Waiting Periods for Abortion
w26227 Joseph Price
Kasey Buckles
Jacob Van Leeuwen
Isaac Riley

Combining Family History and Machine Learning to Link Historical Records
w26209 Mark Rosenzweig
Junsen Zhang

Housing Prices, Inter-generational Co-residence, and "Excess" Savings by the Young: Evidence using Chinese Data
w26191 Alison Andrew
Orazio Attanasio
Raquel Bernal
Lina Cardona Sosa
Sonya Krutikova
Marta Rubio-Codina

Preschool Quality and Child Development
w26190 Eric V. Edmonds
Caroline B. Theoharides

The Short Term Impact of a Productive Asset Transfer in Families with Child Labor: Experimental Evidence from the Philippines
w26185 Shing-Yi Wang
The Labor Supply Consequences of Having a Boy in China
w26174 Douglas L. Miller
Na’ama Shenhav
Michel Z. Grosz

Selection into Identification in Fixed Effects Models, with Application to Head Start
w26164 Peter Bergman
Raj Chetty
Stefanie DeLuca
Nathaniel Hendren
Lawrence F. Katz
Christopher Palmer

Creating Moves to Opportunity: Experimental Evidence on Barriers to Neighborhood Choice
w26144 Nathaniel Hendren
Ben Sprung-Keyser

A Unified Welfare Analysis of Government Policies
w26095 Diane Alexander
Molly Schnell

The Impacts of Physician Payments on Patient Access, Use, and Health
w26089 Mark R. Rosenzweig
Junsen Zhang

The Effects of Schooling on Costless Health Maintenance: Overweight Adolescents and Children in Rural China
w26079 Riley K. Acton
Scott A. Imberman
Michael F. Lovenheim

Do Health Insurance Mandates Spillover to Education? Evidence from Michigan's Autism Insurance Mandate
w26059 Philip Oreopoulos
Uros Petronijevic

The Remarkable Unresponsiveness of College Students to Nudging And What We Can Learn from It
w26047 Owen Thompson
Fertility Decline in the Civil Rights Era
w26038 Michael D. Frakes
Jonathan Gruber
Anupam Jena

Is Great Information Good Enough? Evidence from Physicians as Patients
w26037 Francesco Agostinelli
Morteza Saharkhiz
Matthew J. Wiswall

Home and School in the Development of Children
w26030 Timothy J. Halliday
Randall Q. Akee
Tetine Sentell
Megan Inada
Jill Miyamura

The Impact of Medicaid on Medical Utilization in a Vulnerable Population: Evidence from COFA Migrants
w26024 Randi Hjalmarsson
Andreea Mitrut
Cristian Pop-Eleches

The Impact of Abortion on Crime and Crime-Related Behavior
w26023 Rafael De Hoyos
Orazio Attanasio
Costas Meghir

Targeting High School Scholarships to the Poor: The Impact of a Program in Mexico
w26021 Victor Lavy
Rigissa Megalokonomou

Persistency in Teachers' Grading Bias and Effects on Longer-Term Outcomes: University Admissions Exams and Choice of Field of Study
w26006 Harounan Kazianga
Leigh L. Linden
Ali Protik
Matthew Sloan

The Medium-Term Impacts of Girl-Friendly Schools: Seven-Year Evidence from School Construction in Burkina Faso
w25990 Owen Thompson
School Desegregation and Black Teacher Employment
w25986 David Card
Alessandra Fenizia
David Silver

The Health Impacts of Hospital Delivery Practices
w25973 Sanders Korenman
Dahlia K. Remler
Rosemary T. Hyson

Accounting for the Impact of Medicaid on Child Poverty
w25969 Snaebjorn Gunnsteinsson
Achyuta Adhvaryu
Parul Christian
Alain Labrique
Jonathan Sugimoto
Abu Ahmed Shamim
Keith P. West Jr

Protecting Infants from Natural Disasters: The Case of Vitamin A Supplementation and a Tornado in Bangladesh
w25967 David Card
Stefano DellaVigna
Patricia Funk
Nagore Iriberri

Are Referees and Editors in Economics Gender Neutral?
w25964 Kalena E. Cortes
Hans D.U. Fricke
Susanna Loeb
David S. Song
Benjamin N. York

When Behavioral Barriers are Too High or Low - How Timing Matters for Parenting Interventions
w25937 Achyuta Adhvaryu
Prashant Bharadwaj
James Fenske
Anant Nyshadham
Richard Stanley

Dust and Death: Evidence from the West African Harmattan
w25932 Jonathan Gruber
Benjamin D. Sommers

The Affordable Care Act's Effects on Patients, Providers and the Economy: What We've Learned So Far
w25907 Bruce D. Meyer
Derek Wu
Victoria R. Mooers
Carla Medalia

The Use and Misuse of Income Data and Extreme Poverty in the United States
w25904 Clément de Chaisemartin
Xavier D'Haultfoeuille

Two-way Fixed Effects Estimators with Heterogeneous Treatment Effects
w25903 Isaac Mbiti
Mauricio Romero
Youdi Schipper

Designing Effective Teacher Performance Pay Programs: Experimental Evidence from Tanzania
w25902 Petra Persson
Maya Rossin-Slater

When Dad Can Stay Home: Fathers' Workplace Flexibility and Maternal Health
w25898 Silvia H. Barcellos
Leandro S. Carvalho
Patrick Turley

Distributional Effects of Education on Health
w25896 Lars J. Lefgren
Jaren C. Pope
David P. Sims

Contemporary State Policies and Intergenerational Income Mobility
w25889 James J. Heckman
Ganesh Karapakula

Intergenerational and Intragenerational Externalities of the Perry Preschool Project
w25888 James J. Heckman
Ganesh Karapakula

The Perry Preschoolers at Late Midlife: A Study in Design-Specific Inference
w25847 Chelsea J. Richwine
Avi Dor
Ali Moghtaderi

Do Stricter Immunization Laws Improve Coverage? Evidence from the Repeal of Non-medical Exemptions for School Mandated Vaccines
w25829 Todd E. Elder
David N. Figlio
Scott A. Imberman
Claudia L. Persico

School Segregation and Racial Gaps in Special Education Identification
w25828 Todd Elder
David N. Figlio
Scott A. Imberman
Claudia Persico

The Role of Neonatal Health in the Incidence of Childhood Disability
w25822 Jack W. Britton
Jonathan Gruber

Do Income Contingent Student Loan Programs Distort Earnings? Evidence from the UK
w25809 Kacie Dragan
Ingrid Ellen
Sherry A. Glied

Does Gentrification Displace Poor Children? New Evidence from New York City Medicaid Data
w25796 Sarah Cohodes
Elizabeth Setren
Christopher R. Walters

Can Successful Schools Replicate? Scaling Up Boston's Charter School Sector
w25784 Jessica E. Pac
Ann P. Bartel
Christopher J. Ruhm
Jane Waldfogel

Paid Family Leave and Breastfeeding: Evidence from California
w25763 Angela Cools
Raquel Fernández
Eleonora Patacchini

Girls, Boys, and High Achievers
w25753 Eric Chyn
Samantha Gold
Justine S. Hastings

The Returns to Early-life Interventions for Very Low Birth Weight Children
w25752 Brian Beach
W. Walker Hanlon

Censorship, Family Planning, and the Historical Fertility Transition
w25738 Bruce D. Meyer
Nikolas Mittag

Combining Administrative and Survey Data to Improve Income Measurement
w25737 Bruce D. Meyer
Nikolas Mittag

An Empirical Total Survey Error Decomposition Using Data Combination
w25735 Marie Connolly
Miles Corak
Catherine Haeck

Intergenerational Mobility between and within Canada and the United States
w25730 Stephen B. Billings
Mark Hoekstra

Schools, Neighborhoods, and the Long-Run Effect of Crime-Prone Peers
w25723 James Andreoni
Amalia Di Girolamo
John A. List
Claire Mackevicius
Anya Samek

Risk Preferences of Children and Adolescents in Relation to Gender, Cognitive Skills, Soft Skills, and Executive Functions
w25704 Sabrin A. Beg
Adrienne M. Lucas
Waqas Halim
Umar Saif

Beyond the Basics: Improving Post-Primary Content Delivery through Classroom Technology
w25700 Philipp Ager
Leah Platt Boustan
Katherine Eriksson

The Intergenerational Effects of a Large Wealth Shock: White Southerners After the Civil War
w25689 D. Mark Anderson
Daniel I. Rees
Tianyi Wang

The Phenomenon of Summer Diarrhea and its Waning, 1910-1930
w25671 Amanda E. Kowalski
Counting Defiers
w25656 Andrea M. Kelly
Jason M. Lindo
Analisa Packham

The Power of the IUD: Effects of Expanding Access to Contraception Through Title X Clinics
w25648 Eric A. Hanushek
Paul E. Peterson
Laura M. Talpey
Ludger Woessmann

The Unwavering SES Achievement Gap: Trends in U.S. Student Performance
w25641 Wes Austin
Garth Heutel
Daniel Kreisman

School Bus Emissions, Student Health, and Academic Performance
w25630 Adam M. Lavecchia
Philip Oreopoulos
Robert S. Brown

Long-run Effects from Comprehensive Student Support: Evidence from Pathways to Education
w25626 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman

A Practical Method to Reduce Privacy Loss when Disclosing Statistics Based on Small Samples
w25618 Yiqun Chen
Petra Persson
Maria Polyakova

The Roots of Health Inequality and The Value of Intra-Family Expertise
w25612 Tito Boeri
Andrea Ichino
Enrico Moretti
Johanna Posch

Wage Equalization and Regional Misallocation: Evidence from Italian and German Provinces
w25608 Manisha Shah
Bryce Millett Steinberg

The Right to Education Act: Trends in Enrollment, Test Scores, and School Quality
w25605 Resul Cesur
Pinar Mine Gunes
Erdal Tekin
Aydogan Ulker

Socialized Healthcare and Women's Fertility Decisions
w25602 Nicholas W. Papageorge
Victor Ronda
Yu Zheng

The Economic Value of Breaking Bad: Misbehavior, Schooling and the Labor Market
w25600 Barbara Biasi
School Finance Equalization Increases Intergenerational Mobility: Evidence from a Simulated-Instruments Approach
w25597 David G. Blanchflower
Andrew E. Clark

Children, Unhappiness and Family Finances: Evidence from One Million Europeans
w25596 Daniela Del Boca
Christopher J. Flinn
Ewout Verriest
Matthew J. Wiswall

Actors in the Child Development Process
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Edward A. Rubin
Reed Walker

Bringing Satellite-Based Air Quality Estimates Down to Earth
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Jens Ludwig
Sendhil Mullainathan
Cass R. Sunstein

Discrimination In The Age Of Algorithms
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Jesse Rothstein

Universal Basic Income in the US and Advanced Countries
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David N. Figlio
Paola Giuliano
Paola Sapienza

Born in the Family: Preferences for Boys and the Gender Gap in Math
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Giuseppe Sorrenti
Fabrizio Zilibotti

The Economics of Parenting
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Hope Corman
Ariel Kalil
Ofira Schwartz-Soicher
Nancy Reichman

Effects of Maternal Work Incentives on Adolescent Social Behaviors
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Camille Landais
Johanna Posch
Andreas Steinhauer
Josef Zweimüller

Child Penalties Across Countries: Evidence and Explanations
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Melanie E. Guldi
Lucie Schmidt

Fertility Trends in the United States, 1980-2017: The Role of Unintended Births
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Teodora Boneva
Christopher Rauh

Parental Beliefs about Returns to Different Types of Investments in School Children
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Katherine Donato
Grant Miller
Yulya Truskinovsky
Marcos Vera-Hernández

Different Strokes for Different Folks: Experimental Evidence on the Effectiveness of Input and Output Incentive Contracts for Health Care Providers with Varying Skills
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Avi Simhon
Bruce A. Weinberg

Does Parental Quality Matter? Evidence on the Transmission of Human Capital Using Variation in Parental Influence from Death, Divorce, and Family Size
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Claudia Persico
David Simon

Does Pollution Drive Achievement? The Effect of Traffic Pollution on Academic Performance
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Amy Ellen Schwartz

Does School Lunch Fill the "SNAP Gap" at the End of the Month?
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Noelle Yetter
Heather DeSomer

Wartime Health Shocks and the Postwar Socioeconomic Status and Mortality of Union Army Veterans and their Children
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Umut Özek

An Extra Year to Learn English? Early Grade Retention and the Human Capital Development of English Learners
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Melanie Meng Xue

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Eric Chyn
Justine S. Hastings
Margarita Machelett

The Causal Impact of Removing Children from Abusive and Neglectful Homes

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