NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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NBER Papers on Public Economics Program

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2020
w26766 Eduardo Engel
Ronald D. Fischer
Alexander Galetovic

When and How to Use Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure: Lessons From the International Experience
w26764 Eric A. Hanushek
Paul E. Peterson
Laura M. Talpey
Ludger Woessmann

Long-run Trends in the U.S. SES-Achievement Gap
w26749 Engy Ziedan
Robert Kaestner

Effect of Prescription Opioids and Prescription Opioid Control Policies on Infant Health
w26748 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Emmanuel Saez
Nicholas Turner
Danny Yagan

The Determinants of Income Segregation and Intergenerational Mobility: Using Test Scores to Measure Undermatching
w26747 Brad Hershbein
Melissa Schettini Kearney
Luke W. Pardue

College Attainment, Income Inequality, and Economic Security: A Simulation Exercise
w26744 Karthik Muralidharan
Paul Niehaus
Sandip Sukhtankar

Identity Verification Standards in Welfare Programs: Experimental Evidence from India
w26734 Alex Rees-Jones
Ran Shorrer
Chloe J. Tergiman

Correlation Neglect in Student-to-School Matching
w26733 Oriana Bandiera
Michael Carlos Best
Adnan Qadir Khan
Andrea Prat

The Allocation of Authority in Organizations: A Field Experiment with Bureaucrats
w26727 Michael J. Boskin
Are Large Deficits and Debt Dangerous?
w26725 Katherine Meckel
Is the Cure Worse than the Disease? Unintended Effects of Payment Reform in a Quantity-based Transfer Program
w26721 Sebastian Di Tella
Robert E. Hall

Risk Premium Shocks Can Create Inefficient Recessions
w26718 Katherine Meckel
Maya Rossin-Slater
Lindsey M. Uniat

Efficiency Versus Equity in the Provision of In-Kind Benefits: Evidence from Cost Containment in the California WIC Program
w26717 Sabrina T. Howell
J. David Brown

Do Cash Windfalls Affect Wages? Evidence from R&D Grants to Small Firms
w26715 Janet Currie
Henrik Kleven
Esmée Zwiers

Technology and Big Data Are Changing Economics: Mining Text to Track Methods
w26712 Nishant Yonzan
Laxman Timilsina
Inas Rashad Kelly

Economic Incentives Surrounding Fertility: Evidence from Alaska's Permanent Fund Dividend
w26704 Stefanie Stantcheva
Dynamic Taxation
w26700 Mattia Landoni
Stephen P. Zeldes

Should the Government be Paying Investment Fees on $3 Trillion of Tax-Deferred Retirement Assets?
w26696 Alexander M. Gelber
Damon Jones
Daniel W. Sacks
Jae Song

The Employment Effects of the Social Security Earnings Test
w26691 George Wehby
Robert Kaestner
Wei Lyu
Dhaval M. Dave

Effects of the Minimum Wage on Child Health
w26690 Yi Chen
Hanming Fang

The State of Mental Health Among the Elderly Chinese
w26683 Louis Kaplow
A Unified Perspective on Efficiency, Redistribution, and Public Policy
w26679 Jeffrey Clemens
Parker Rogers

Demand Shocks, Procurement Policies, and the Nature of Medical Innovation: Evidence from Wartime Prosthetic Device Patents
w26675 Alberto F. Alesina
Armando Miano
Stefanie Stantcheva

The Polarization of Reality
w26674 Gordon B. Dahl
Cristina Felfe
Paul Frijters
Helmut Rainer

Caught between Cultures: Unintended Consequences of Improving Opportunity for Immigrant Girls
w26667 Harold L. Cole
Dirk Krueger
George J. Mailath
Yena Park

Coalition-Proof Risk Sharing Under Frictions
w26659 Janet Currie
John Voorheis
Reed Walker

What Caused Racial Disparities in Particulate Exposure to Fall? New Evidence from the Clean Air Act and Satellite-Based Measures of Air Quality
w26656 Haoyuan Ding
Hanming Fang
Shu Lin
Kang Shi

Equilibrium Consequences of Corruption on Firms: Evidence from China's Anti-Corruption Campaign
w26655 Alan J. Auerbach
Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Daniel Murphy

Effects of Fiscal Policy on Credit Markets
w26652 Ying Bai
Ruixue Jia

The Economic Consequences of Political Hierarchy: Evidence from Regime Changes in China, AD1000-2000
w26645 Bronson Argyle
Taylor D. Nadauld
Christopher Palmer

Real Effects of Search Frictions in Consumer Credit Markets
w26640 Youssef Benzarti
Jarkko Harju

Using Payroll Tax Variation to Unpack the Black Box of Firm-Level Production
w26624 Maxwell Kellogg
Magne Mogstad
Guillaume Pouliot
Alexander Torgovitsky

Combining Matching and Synthetic Controls to Trade off Biases from Extrapolation and Interpolation
w26622 Anne A. Brenøe
Serena P. Canaan
Nikolaj A. Harmon
Heather N. Royer

Is Parental Leave Costly for Firms and Coworkers?
w26621 Charles Yuji Horioka
Emin Gahramanov
Aziz Hayat
Xueli Tang

The Impact of Bequest Motives on Retirement Behavior in Japan: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis
w26620 Alberto F. Alesina
Stefanie Stantcheva

Diversity, Immigration, and Redistribution
w26619 Lamar Pierce
Alex Rees-Jones
Charlotte Blank

The Negative Consequences of Loss-Framed Performance Incentives
w26616 Maria Petrova
Ricardo Perez-Truglia
Andrei Simonov
Pinar Yildirim

Are Political and Charitable Giving Substitutes? Evidence from the United States
w26611 Kyle Handley
Fariha Kamal
Ryan Monarch

Rising Import Tariffs, Falling Export Growth: When Modern Supply Chains Meet Old-Style Protectionism
w26603 Cailin R. Slattery
Owen M. Zidar

Evaluating State and Local Business Tax Incentives
2019
w26600 Dennis Egger
Johannes Haushofer
Edward Miguel
Paul Niehaus
Michael W. Walker

General Equilibrium Effects of Cash Transfers: Experimental Evidence from Kenya
w26595 Christine L. Exley
Judd B. Kessler

Motivated Errors
w26594 Richard Hornbeck
Martin Rotemberg

Railroads, Reallocation, and the Rise of American Manufacturing
w26591 Gilles Duranton
Diego Puga

Urban Growth and its Aggregate Implications
w26588 Andreas Fagereng
Martin Blomhoff Holm
Benjamin Moll
Gisle Natvik

Saving Behavior Across the Wealth Distribution: The Importance of Capital Gains
w26587 Jiafeng Chen
Edward L. Glaeser
David Wessel

The (Non-) Effect of Opportunity Zones on Housing Prices
w26585 Li Gan
Qing He
Ruichao Si
Daichun Yi

Relocating or Redefined: A New Perspective on Urbanization in China
w26584 Joshua Angrist
Brigham Frandsen

Machine Labor
w26573 Joseph Gyourko
Jonathan Hartley
Jacob Krimmel

The Local Residential Land Use Regulatory Environment Across U.S. Housing Markets: Evidence from a New Wharton Index
w26571 Lev Drucker
Katya Mazirov
David Neumark

Who Pays for and Who Benefits from Minimum Wage Increases? Evidence from Israeli Tax Data on Business Owners and Workers
w26567 Leonardo Bursztyn
Georgy Egorov
Ruben Enikolopov
Maria Petrova

Social Media and Xenophobia: Evidence from Russia
w26563 Maya Rossin-Slater
Molly Schnell
Hannes Schwandt
Sam Trejo
Lindsey Uniat

Local Exposure to School Shootings and Youth Antidepressant Use
w26559 John A. List
James J. Murphy
Michael K. Price
Alexander G. James

Do Appeals to Donor Benefits Raise More Money than Appeals to Recipient Benefits? Evidence from a Natural Field Experiment with Pick.Click.Give.
w26555 Dietmar Fehr
Johanna Mollerstrom
Ricardo Perez-Truglia

Your Place in the World: The Demand for National and Global Redistribution
w26546 Tatiana Homonoff
Thomas L. Spreen
Travis St.Clair

Balance Sheet Insolvency and Contribution Revenue in Public Charities
w26544 Edward N. Wolff
Wealth Taxation in the United States
w26540 Haichao Fan
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Zonglai Kou
Xueyue Liu
Huanhuan Wang

Going Green in China: Firms' Responses to Stricter Environmental Regulations
w26537 Lawrence H. Goulder
Xianling Long
Jieyi Lu
Richard D. Morgenstern

China's Unconventional Nationwide CO2 Emissions Trading System: The Wide-Ranging Impacts of an Implicit Output Subsidy
w26533 Jacob Goldin
Ithai Z. Lurie
Janet McCubbin

Health Insurance and Mortality: Experimental Evidence from Taxpayer Outreach
w26532 Richard V. Burkhauser
Kevin Corinth
James Elwell
Jeff Larrimore

Evaluating the Success of President Johnson's War on Poverty: Revisiting the Historical Record Using a Full-Income Poverty Measure
w26531 Christopher R. Knittel
Samuel Stolper

Using Machine Learning to Target Treatment: The Case of Household Energy Use
w26530 Zoë B. Cullen
Ricardo Perez-Truglia

The Old Boys' Club: Schmoozing and the Gender Gap
w26529 John F. Helliwell
Measuring and Using Happiness to Support Public Policies
w26515 Eric Chyn
Kareem Haggag

Moved to Vote: The Long-Run Effects of Neighborhoods on Political Participation
w26508 Johannes G. Jaspersen
Marc A. Ragin
Justin R. Sydnor

Predicting Insurance Demand from Risk Attitudes
w26504 Lucie Schmidt
Lara Shore-Sheppard
Tara Watson

The Impact of Expanding Public Health Insurance on Safety Net Program Participation: Evidence from the ACA Medicaid Expansion
w26487 M. Keith Chen
Kareem Haggag
Devin G. Pope
Ryne Rohla

Racial Disparities in Voting Wait Times: Evidence from Smartphone Data
w26483 Enrico Moretti
Claudia Steinwender
John Van Reenen

The Intellectual Spoils of War? Defense R&D, Productivity and International Spillovers
w26482 Marie-Pierre de Bellefon
Pierre-Philippe Combes
Gilles Duranton
Laurent Gobillon
Clément Gorin

Delineating Urban Areas Using Building Density
w26475 Natasha Sarin
Lawrence H. Summers

Shrinking the Tax Gap: Approaches and Revenue Potential
w26474 Pascal Michaillat
Emmanuel Saez

Beveridgean Unemployment Gap
w26472 Mark Shepard
Katherine Baicker
Jonathan S. Skinner

Does One Medicare Fit All? The Economics of Uniform Health Insurance Benefits
w26467 David C. Chan Jr
Matthew Gentzkow
Chuan Yu

Selection with Variation in Diagnostic Skill: Evidence from Radiologists
w26466 Chunzan Wu
Dirk Krueger

Consumption Insurance Against Wage Risk: Family Labor Supply and Optimal Progressive Income Taxation
w26463 Susan Athey
Raj Chetty
Guido W. Imbens
Hyunseung Kang

The Surrogate Index: Combining Short-Term Proxies to Estimate Long-Term Treatment Effects More Rapidly and Precisely
w26457 Zhenyu Gao
Michael Sockin
Wei Xiong

Economic Consequences of Housing Speculation
w26455 Gautam Gowrisankaran
Keith A. Joiner
Jianjing Lin

How do Hospitals Respond to Payment Incentives?
w26454 Ole Agersnap
Amalie Sofie Jensen
Henrik Kleven

The Welfare Magnet Hypothesis: Evidence From an Immigrant Welfare Scheme in Denmark
w26452 Jonathan Meer
Benjamin A. Priday

Tax Prices and Charitable Giving: Projected Changes in Donations Under the 2017 TCJA
w26445 Matthew Kotchen
Katherine R.H. Wagner

Crowding In with Impure Altruism: Theory and Evidence from Volunteerism in National Parks
w26444 Allan Drazen
Anna Dreber Almenberg
Erkut Y. Ozbay
Erik Snowberg

A Journal-Based Replication of "Being Chosen to Lead"
w26439 James Elwell
Kevin Corinth
Richard V. Burkhauser

Income Growth and its Distribution from Eisenhower to Obama: The Growing Importance of In-Kind Transfers (1959-2016)
w26438 Steven F. Lehrer
Louis Pierre Lepage

How Do NYPD Officers Respond to Terror Threats?
w26437 Vanya Horneff
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell

How Would 401(k) 'Rothification' Alter Saving, Retirement Security, and Inequality?
w26436 Erica Myers
Steven L. Puller
Jeremy D. West

Effects of Mandatory Energy Efficiency Disclosure in Housing Markets
w26420 Ran Abramitzky
Victor Lavy
Maayan Segev

The Effect of Changes in the Skill Premium on College Degree Attainment and the Choice of Major
w26408 Ran Abramitzky
Leah Platt Boustan
Elisa Jácome
Santiago Pérez

Intergenerational Mobility of Immigrants in the US over Two Centuries
w26405 Henrik Kleven
The EITC and the Extensive Margin: A Reappraisal
w26400 Kevin Lang
Kaiwen Leong
Huailu Li
Haibo Xu

Lending to the Unbanked: Relational Contracting with Loan Sharks
w26396 Alberto Cavallo
Gita Gopinath
Brent Neiman
Jenny Tang

Tariff Passthrough at the Border and at the Store: Evidence from US Trade Policy
w26395 Matthew J. Neidell
Shinsuke Uchida
Marcella Veronesi

Be Cautious with the Precautionary Principle: Evidence from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident
w26394 Bnaya Dreyfuss
Ori Heffetz
Matthew Rabin

Expectations-Based Loss Aversion May Help Explain Seemingly Dominated Choices in Strategy-Proof Mechanisms
w26393 John Cawley
David Frisvold
David Jones

The Impact of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Taxes on Purchases: Evidence from Four City-Level Taxes in the U.S.
w26392 Stephen G. Dimmock
Jiekun Huang
Scott J. Weisbenner

Give Me Your Tired, Your Poor, Your High-Skilled Labor: H-1B Lottery Outcomes and Entrepreneurial Success
w26391 Emmanuel Saez
Benjamin Schoefer
David Seim

Hysteresis from Employer Subsidies
w26389 Bharat K. Chandar
Ali Hortaçsu
John A. List
Ian Muir
Jeffrey M. Wooldridge

Design and Analysis of Cluster-Randomized Field Experiments in Panel Data Settings
w26387 Enrico Moretti
Daniel J. Wilson

Taxing Billionaires: Estate Taxes and the Geographical Location of the Ultra-Wealthy
w26383 Morris M. Kleiner
Evan J. Soltas

A Welfare Analysis of Occupational Licensing in U.S. States
w26382 Youssef Benzarti
Playing Hide and Seek: How Lenders Respond to Borrower Protection
w26380 Bharat Chandar
Uri Gneezy
John A. List
Ian Muir

The Drivers of Social Preferences: Evidence from a Nationwide Tipping Field Experiment
w26378 C. Y. Kelvin Yuen
Ping Wang

Minimum Wage in a Multi-Tier Search and Wage-Posting Model with Cross-Market Substitutions
w26367 Maria Polyakova
Stephen P. Ryan

Subsidy Targeting with Market Power
w26336 Zhao Chen
Xian Jiang
Zhikuo Liu
Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato
Daniel Xu

Tax Policy and Lumpy Investment Behavior: Evidence from China's VAT Reform
w26352 Hitoshi Shigeoka
Long-Term Consequences of Growing up in a Recession on Risk Preferences
w26350 Hanming Fang
Andrew J. Shephard

Household Labor Search, Spousal Insurance, and Health Care Reform
w26349 Joshua Rauh
Ryan J. Shyu

Behavioral Responses to State Income Taxation of High Earners: Evidence from California
w26348 Carolyn Sloane
Erik Hurst
Dan Black

A Cross-Cohort Analysis of Human Capital Specialization and the College Gender Wage Gap
w26338 Leila Agha
Dan Zeltzer

Drug Diffusion Through Peer Networks: The Influence of Industry Payments
w26328 Leandro Carvalho
Arna Olafsson
Dan Silverman

Misfortune and Mistake: The Financial Conditions and Decision-making Ability of High-cost Loan Borrowers
w26296 Daron Acemoglu
Ali Makhdoumi
Azarakhsh Malekian
Asuman Ozdaglar

Too Much Data: Prices and Inefficiencies in Data Markets
w26289 Craig Garthwaite
John A. Graves
Tal Gross
Zeynal Karaca
Victoria R. Marone
Matthew J. Notowidigdo

All Medicaid Expansions Are Not Created Equal: The Geography and Targeting of the Affordable Care Act
w26288 Michael Geruso
Timothy J. Layton
Grace McCormack
Mark Shepard

The Two Margin Problem in Insurance Markets
w26284 Fatih Guvenen
Gueorgui Kambourov
Burhanettin Kuruscu
Sergio Ocampo-Diaz
Daphne Chen

Use It or Lose It: Efficiency Gains from Wealth Taxation
w26282 Clément de Chaisemartin
Luc Behaghel

Estimating the Effect of Treatments Allocated by Randomized Waiting Lists.
w26276 Robert Scherf
Matthew Weinzierl

Understanding Different Approaches to Benefit-Based Taxation
w26273 Albert Bravo-Biosca
Experimental Innovation Policy
w26270 Enrico Moretti
The Effect of High-Tech Clusters on the Productivity of Top Inventors
w26268 Andrew B. Ayres
Kyle C. Meng
Andrew J. Plantinga

Do Property Rights Alleviate the Problem of the Commons? Evidence from California Groundwater Rights
w26247 Michael Geruso
Dean Spears
Ishaana Talesara

Inversions in US Presidential Elections: 1836-2016
w26244 Patrick Kline
Raffaele Saggio
Mikkel Sølvsten

Leave-out Estimation of Variance Components
w26243 Steven J. Davis
Rising Policy Uncertainty
w26238 Andrew Goodman-Bacon
Jamein P. Cunningham

Changes in Family Structure and Welfare Participation Since the 1960s: The Role of Legal Services
w26233 John Cawley
David E. Frisvold
Anna Hill
David Jones

Oakland's Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Tax: Impacts on Prices, Purchases and Consumption by Adults and Children
w26232 William N. Evans
David C. Philips
Krista J. Ruffini

Reducing and Preventing Homelessness: A Review of the Evidence and Charting a Research Agenda
w26228 Jason M. Lindo
Mayra Pineda-Torres

New Evidence on the Effects of Mandatory Waiting Periods for Abortion
w26227 Joseph Price
Kasey Buckles
Jacob Van Leeuwen
Isaac Riley

Combining Family History and Machine Learning to Link Historical Records
w26223 Tiziano Arduini
Alberto Bisin
Onur Özgür
Eleonora Patacchini

Dynamic Social Interactions and Health Risk Behavior
w26219 Max Raskin
Fahad Saleh
David Yermack

How Do Private Digital Currencies Affect Government Policy?
w26207 Florian Scheuer
Joel Slemrod

Taxation and the Superrich
w26206 Mark Hoekstra
Vijetha Koppa

Strict Voter Identification Laws, Turnout, and Election Outcomes
w26204 Abhijit Banerjee
Amy Finkelstein
Rema Hanna
Benjamin A. Olken
Arianna Ornaghi
Sudarno Sumarto

The Challenges of Universal Health Insurance in Developing Countries: Evidence from a Large-scale Randomized Experiment in Indonesia
w26195 Youssef Benzarti
Alisa Tazhitdinova

Do Value-Added Taxes Affect International Trade Flows? Evidence from 30 Years of Tax Reforms
w26189 Gabriel K. Innes
Pranay R. Randad
Anton Korinek
Meghan F. Davis
Lance B. Price
Anthony D. So
Christopher D. Heaney

External Societal Costs of Antimicrobial Resistance in Humans Attributable to Antimicrobial Use in Livestock
w26187 Michael Luca
Deepak Malhotra
Christopher Poliquin

The Impact of Mass Shootings on Gun Policy
w26180 William Morrison
Dmitry Taubinsky

Rules of Thumb and Attention Elasticities: Evidence from Under- and Overreaction to Taxes
w26177 Mariano Max Croce
Thien T. Nguyen
Steve Raymond

Persistent Government Debt and Aggregate Risk Distribution
w26172 Ryan Kellogg
Output and Attribute-Based Carbon Regulation Under Uncertainty
w26164 Peter Bergman
Raj Chetty
Stefanie DeLuca
Nathaniel Hendren
Lawrence F. Katz
Christopher Palmer

Creating Moves to Opportunity: Experimental Evidence on Barriers to Neighborhood Choice
w26162 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Tamar Oostrom
Abigail J. Ostriker
Heidi L. Williams

Screening and Selection: The Case of Mammograms
w26161 Mariana Carrera
Heather Royer
Mark Stehr
Justin Sydnor
Dmitry Taubinsky

How are Preferences For Commitment Revealed?
w26157 Charles J. Courtemanche
Ishtiaque Fazlul
James Marton
Benjamin D. Ukert
Aaron Yelowitz
Daniela Zapata

The Impact of the ACA on Insurance Coverage Disparities After Four Years
w26151 Brian G. Knight
Nathan M. Schiff

Reducing Frictions in College Admissions: Evidence from the Common Application
w26150 M. Chatib Basri
Mayara Felix
Rema Hanna
Benjamin A. Olken

Tax Administration vs. Tax Rates: Evidence from Corporate Taxation in Indonesia
w26146 Soren T. Anderson
Ioana Marinescu
Boris Shor

Can Pigou at the Polls Stop Us Melting the Poles?
w26145 Charles J. Courtemanche
James Marton
Aaron Yelowitz

Medicaid Coverage across the Income Distribution under the Affordable Care Act
w26144 Nathaniel Hendren
Ben Sprung-Keyser

A Unified Welfare Analysis of Government Policies
w26142 Victor Couture
Cecile Gaubert
Jessie Handbury
Erik Hurst

Income Growth and the Distributional Effects of Urban Spatial Sorting
w26141 Jaume Ventura
Sharing a Government
w26139 John Eric Humphries
Nicholas S. Mader
Daniel I. Tannenbaum
Winnie L. van Dijk

Does Eviction Cause Poverty? Quasi-Experimental Evidence from Cook County, IL
w26137 Joshua D. Angrist
Parag A. Pathak
Román Andrés Zárate

Choice and Consequence: Assessing Mismatch at Chicago Exam Schools
w26135 Robert Kaestner
Engy Ziedan

Mortality and Socioeconomic Consequences of Prescription Opioids: Evidence from State Policies
w26122 Jillian Chown
David Dranove
Craig Garthwaite
Jordan Keener

The Opportunities and Limitations of Monopsony Power in Healthcare: Evidence from the United States and Canada
w26119 Sandro Ambuehl
B. Douglas Bernheim
Axel Ockenfels

Projective Paternalism
w26110 Jeremy Burke
Julian Jamison
Dean Karlan
Kata Mihaly
Jonathan Zinman

Credit Building or Credit Crumbling? A Credit Builder Loan's Effects on Consumer Behavior, Credit Scores and Their Predictive Power
w26103 Marika Cabral
Can Cui
Michael Dworsky

What is the Rationale for an Insurance Coverage Mandate? Evidence from Workers' Compensation Insurance
w26098 Michael D. Bordo
Edward S. Prescott

Federal Reserve Structure, Economic Ideas, and Monetary and Financial Policy
w26097 Margherita Borella
Mariacristina De Nardi
Fang Yang

Are Marriage-Related Taxes and Social Security Benefits Holding Back Female Labor Supply?
w26095 Diane Alexander
Molly Schnell

The Impacts of Physician Payments on Patient Access, Use, and Health
w26094 Victoria Perez
Justin M. Ross
Kosali I. Simon

Do Local Governments Represent Voter Preferences? Evidence from Hospital Financing under the Affordable Care Act
w26093 Marc A. C. Hafstead
Roberton C. Williams III

Jobs and Environmental Regulation
w26090 John H. Cochrane
The Value of Government Debt
w26079 Riley K. Acton
Scott A. Imberman
Michael F. Lovenheim

Do Health Insurance Mandates Spillover to Education? Evidence from Michigan's Autism Insurance Mandate
w26078 Gopi Shah Goda
Matthew R. Levy
Colleen Flaherty Manchester
Aaron Sojourner
Joshua Tasoff

Who is a Passive Saver Under Opt-In and Auto-Enrollment?
w26077 David A. Keiser
Joseph S. Shapiro

US Water Pollution Regulation over the Last Half Century: Burning Waters to Crystal Springs?
w26075 Panle Jia Barwick
Myrto Kalouptsidi
Nahim Bin Zahur

China's Industrial Policy: an Empirical Evaluation
w26072 Lucas W. Davis
James M. Sallee

Should Electric Vehicle Drivers Pay a Mileage Tax?
w26068 Ian W.R. Martin
Robert S. Pindyck

Welfare Costs of Catastrophes: Lost Consumption and Lost Lives
w26051 Aaron Chalfin
Benjamin Hansen
Rachel Ryley

The Minimum Legal Drinking Age and Crime Victimization
w26048 Tatiana Homonoff
Rourke O'Brien
Abigail B. Sussman

Does Knowing Your FICO Score Change Financial Behavior? Evidence from a Field Experiment with Student Loan Borrowers
w26047 Owen Thompson
Fertility Decline in the Civil Rights Era
w26041 Richard J. Zeckhauser
Strategic Sorting: The Role of Ordeals in Health Care
w26038 Michael D. Frakes
Jonathan Gruber
Anupam Jena

Is Great Information Good Enough? Evidence from Physicians as Patients
w26036 Leandro Carvalho
Dan Silverman

Complexity and Sophistication
w26030 Timothy J. Halliday
Randall Q. Akee
Tetine Sentell
Megan Inada
Jill Miyamura

The Impact of Medicaid on Medical Utilization in a Vulnerable Population: Evidence from COFA Migrants
w26029 Michael Bailey
Patrick Farrell
Theresa Kuchler
Johannes Stroebel

Social Connectedness in Urban Areas
w26028 Robert A. Moffitt
The Marginal Labor Supply Disincentives of Welfare Reforms
w26025 Dean Jolliffe
Juan Margitic
Martin Ravallion

Food Stamps and America's Poorest
w26022 Lori L. Taylor
Kalena E. Cortes
Travis C. Hearn

Publication, Compensation, and the Public Affairs Discount: Does Gender Play a Role?
w26017 Michael F. Pesko
Charles J. Courtemanche
Johanna Catherine Maclean

The Effects of Traditional Cigarette and E-Cigarette Taxes on Adult Tobacco Product Use
w26016 Matthew Backus
Sida Peng

On Testing Continuity and the Detection of Failures
w26015 Holger Sieg
Chamna Yoon

Waiting for Affordable Housing in New York City
w26008 Ruixue Jia
Torsten Persson

Individual vs. Social Motives in Identity Choice: Theory and Evidence from China
w26006 Harounan Kazianga
Leigh L. Linden
Ali Protik
Matthew Sloan

The Medium-Term Impacts of Girl-Friendly Schools: Seven-Year Evidence from School Construction in Burkina Faso
w26001 Germán Gutiérrez
Thomas Philippon

The Failure of Free Entry
w25994 Nicholas Ingwersen
Harounan Kazianga
Leigh L. Linden
Arif Mamun
Ali Protik
Matthew Sloan

The Long-Term Impacts of Girl-Friendly Schools: Evidence from the BRIGHT School Construction Program in Burkina Faso
w25985 Michael J. Boskin
Diego J. Perez
Daniel S. Bennett

The Political Economy of Social Security Reform
w25976 Kate Bundorf
Maria Polyakova
Ming Tai-Seale

How do Humans Interact with Algorithms? Experimental Evidence from Health Insurance
w25975 Amy Finkelstein
Matthew Gentzkow
Heidi L. Williams

Place-Based Drivers of Mortality: Evidence from Migration
w25973 Sanders Korenman
Dahlia K. Remler
Rosemary T. Hyson

Accounting for the Impact of Medicaid on Child Poverty
w25967 David Card
Stefano DellaVigna
Patricia Funk
Nagore Iriberri

Are Referees and Editors in Economics Gender Neutral?
w25963 Patrick Button
Do Tax Incentives Affect Business Location and Economic Development? Evidence from State Film Incentives
w25962 Andrew Goodman-Bacon
Lucie Schmidt

Federalizing Benefits: The Introduction of Supplemental Security Income and the Size of the Safety Net
w25961 Kilian Heilmann
Matthew E. Kahn

The Urban Crime and Heat Gradient in High and Low Poverty Areas
w25958 Alex Rees-Jones
Kyle T. Rozema

Price Isn't Everything: Behavioral Response around Changes in Sin Taxes
w25955 Sylvie Démurger
Eric A. Hanushek
Lei Zhang

Employer Learning and the Dynamics of Returns to Universities: Evidence from Chinese Elite Education during University Expansion
w25954 Thibaut Lamadon
Magne Mogstad
Bradley Setzler

Imperfect Competition, Compensating Differentials and Rent Sharing in the U.S. Labor Market
w25953 Justine S. Hastings
Ryan E. Kessler
Jesse M. Shapiro

The Effect of SNAP on the Composition of Purchased Foods: Evidence and Implications
w25947 Debopam Bhattacharya
Pascaline Dupas
Shin Kanaya

Demand and Welfare Analysis in Discrete Choice Models with Social Interactions
w25944 Miguel Sánchez-Romero
Ronald D. Lee
Alexia Prskawetz

Redistributive Effects of Different Pension Systems When Longevity Varies by Socioeconomic Status
w25938 Laura K. Gee
Jonathan Meer

The Altruism Budget: Measuring and Encouraging Charitable Giving
w25936 Johanna Catherine Maclean
Sebastian Tello-Trillo
Douglas Webber

Losing Insurance and Behavioral Health Hospitalizations: Evidence from a Large-scale Medicaid Disenrollment
w25932 Jonathan Gruber
Benjamin D. Sommers

The Affordable Care Act's Effects on Patients, Providers and the Economy: What We've Learned So Far
w25926 Lourenço S. Paz
James E. West

Should We Trust Clustered Standard Errors? A Comparison with Randomization-Based Methods
w25916 Brian Knight
Ana Tribin

Opposition Media, State Censorship, and Political Accountability: Evidence from Chavez's Venezuela
w25915 Laurence C. Baker
M. Kate Bundorf
Anne Beeson Royalty

The Effects of Multispecialty Group Practice on Health Care Spending and Use
w25907 Bruce D. Meyer
Derek Wu
Victoria R. Mooers
Carla Medalia

The Use and Misuse of Income Data and Extreme Poverty in the United States
w25906 Jack Favilukis
Pierre Mabille
Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh

Affordable Housing and City Welfare
w25905 Benjamin M. Marx
Lesley J. Turner

Student Loan Choice Overload
w25904 Clément de Chaisemartin
Xavier D'Haultfoeuille

Two-way Fixed Effects Estimators with Heterogeneous Treatment Effects
w25902 Petra Persson
Maya Rossin-Slater

When Dad Can Stay Home: Fathers' Workplace Flexibility and Maternal Health
w25901 Hanming Fang
Linke Hou
Mingxing Liu
Lixin Colin Xu
Pengfei Zhang

Factions, Local Accountability, and Long-Term Development: Theory and Evidence
w25895 Jess Benhabib
Bálint Szőke

Optimal Positive Capital Taxes at Interior Steady States
w25883 Lena Edlund
Cecilia Machado

It's the Phone, Stupid: Mobiles and Murder
w25876 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian
William L. Skimmyhorn

Borrowing to Save? The Impact of Automatic Enrollment on Debt
w25870 Olesya Fomenko
Jonathan Gruber

Reclassification to Avoid Consumer Cost-Sharing in Group Health Plans
w25863 John J. Donohue
Steven D. Levitt

The Impact of Legalized Abortion on Crime over the Last Two Decades
w25859 Tim Johnson
Dalton Conley

Military Service and Public Sector Employment: Birthdates Called in the Vietnam Draft Lotteries Appear Excessively in the Population of Civilian U.S. Federal Personnel Records
w25854 Jon Kleinberg
Sendhil Mullainathan

Simplicity Creates Inequity: Implications for Fairness, Stereotypes, and Interpretability
w25850 Patrick Button
Population Aging, Age Discrimination, and Age Discrimination Protections at the 50th Anniversary of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act
w25848 Omar Al-Ubaydli
John A. List
Dana Suskind

The Science of Using Science: Towards an Understanding of the Threats to Scaling Experiments
w25843 Michael Bailey
Drew M. Johnston
Theresa Kuchler
Johannes Stroebel
Arlene Wong

Peer Effects in Product Adoption
w25842 Hunt Allcott
Benjamin Lockwood
Dmitry Taubinsky

Should We Tax Sugar-Sweetened Beverages? An Overview of Theory and Evidence
w25841 Hunt Allcott
Benjamin Lockwood
Dmitry Taubinsky

Regressive Sin Taxes, With an Application to the Optimal Soda Tax
w25834 Michael Baker
Yosh Halberstam
Kory Kroft
Alexandre Mas
Derek Messacar

Pay Transparency and the Gender Gap
w25832 Mariacristina De Nardi
Giulio Fella
Marike G. Knoef
Gonzalo Paz-Pardo
Raun Van Ooijen

Family and Government Insurance: Wage, Earnings, and Income Risks in the Netherlands and the U.S.
w25831 James M. Sallee
Pigou Creates Losers: On the Implausibility of Achieving Pareto Improvements from Efficiency-Enhancing Policies
w25822 Jack W. Britton
Jonathan Gruber

Do Income Contingent Student Loan Programs Distort Earnings? Evidence from the UK
w25821 Stefan Steinerberger
Aleh Tsyvinski

Tax Mechanisms and Gradient Flows
w25819 Jerry A. Hausman
Haoyang Liu
Ye Luo
Christopher Palmer

Errors in the Dependent Variable of Quantile Regression Models
w25813 Peter Koczanski
Harvey S. Rosen

Are Millennials Really So Selfish? Preliminary Evidence from the Philanthropy Panel Study
w25809 Kacie Dragan
Ingrid Ellen
Sherry A. Glied

Does Gentrification Displace Poor Children? New Evidence from New York City Medicaid Data
w25800 Judd B. Kessler
Corinne Low
Colin Sullivan

Incentivized Resume Rating: Eliciting Employer Preferences without Deception
w25798 Aaron Chalfin
Benjamin Hansen
Jason Lerner
Lucie Parker

Reducing Crime Through Environmental Design: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment of Street Lighting in New York City
w25796 Sarah Cohodes
Elizabeth Setren
Christopher R. Walters

Can Successful Schools Replicate? Scaling Up Boston's Charter School Sector
w25791 Justine S. Hastings
Mark Howison
Sarah E. Inman

Predicting High-Risk Opioid Prescriptions Before they are Given
w25784 Jessica E. Pac
Ann P. Bartel
Christopher J. Ruhm
Jane Waldfogel

Paid Family Leave and Breastfeeding: Evidence from California
w25783 Been-Lon Chen
Hung-Ju Chen
Ping Wang

Long-Run Tax Incidence in a Human Capital-based Endogenous Growth Model with Labor-Market Frictions
w25776 Richard Blundell
Monica Costa Dias
David A. Goll
Costas Meghir

Wages, Experience and Training of Women over the Lifecycle
w25773 Bronwyn H. Hall
Tax Policy for Innovation
w25770 David Altig
Alan J. Auerbach
Patrick C. Higgins
Darryl R. Koehler
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Michael Leiseca
Ellyn Terry
Yifan Ye

Did the 2017 Tax Reform Discriminate against Blue State Voters?
w25766 Alberto Ciancio
Camilo García-Jimeno

The Political Economy of Immigration Enforcement: Conflict and Cooperation under Federalism
w25763 Angela Cools
Raquel Fernández
Eleonora Patacchini

Girls, Boys, and High Achievers
w25761 Daniel Cooper
María José Luengo-Prado
Jonathan A. Parker

The Local Aggregate Effects of Minimum Wage Increases
w25760 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Felix Kubler
Andrey Polbin
Jeffrey D. Sachs
Simon Scheidegger

Making Carbon Taxation a Generational Win Win
w25757 Michael Gelman
Shachar Kariv
Matthew D. Shapiro
Dan Silverman

Rational Illiquidity and Consumption: Theory and Evidence from Income Tax Withholding and Refunds
w25753 Eric Chyn
Samantha Gold
Justine S. Hastings

The Returns to Early-life Interventions for Very Low Birth Weight Children
w25749 François Gerard
Joana Naritomi

Job Displacement Insurance and (the Lack of) Consumption-Smoothing
w25746 Jason A. Aimone
Brittany Ward
James E. West

Dishonest Behavior: Sin Big or Go Home
w25745 Marco Battaglini
Luigi Guiso
Chiara Lacava
Eleonora Patacchini

Tax Professionals: Tax-Evasion Facilitators or Information Hubs?
w25744 Stefano Giglio
Matteo Maggiori
Johannes Stroebel
Stephen Utkus

Five Facts About Beliefs and Portfolios
w25740 Henrik Kleven
Camille Landais
Mathilde Muñoz
Stefanie Stantcheva

Taxation and Migration: Evidence and Policy Implications
w25738 Bruce D. Meyer
Nikolas Mittag

Combining Administrative and Survey Data to Improve Income Measurement
w25737 Bruce D. Meyer
Nikolas Mittag

An Empirical Total Survey Error Decomposition Using Data Combination
w25725 Charles I. Jones
Taxing Top Incomes in a World of Ideas
w25722 Sébastien Houde
Erica Myers

Heterogeneous (Mis-) Perceptions of Energy Costs: Implications for Measurement and Policy Design
w25718 Paul D. Adams
Stefan Hunt
Christopher Palmer
Redis Zaliauskas

Testing the Effectiveness of Consumer Financial Disclosure: Experimental Evidence from Savings Accounts
w25716 Christian Dippel
Michael Poyker

How Common are Electoral Cycles in Criminal Sentencing?
w25715 Christian Dippel
Michael Poyker

Do Private Prisons Affect Criminal Sentencing?
w25709 David Albouy
Alex Chernoff
Chandler Lutz
Casey Warman

Local Labor Markets in Canada and the United States
w25705 Rafael Di Tella
Dani Rodrik

Labor Market Shocks and the Demand for Trade Protection: Evidence from Online Surveys
w25701 Amine Ouazad
Romain Rancière

Market Frictions, Arbitrage, and the Capitalization of Amenities
w25696 Don Fullerton
Chi L. Ta

Costs of Energy Efficiency Mandates Can Reverse the Sign of Rebound
w25675 Susan Athey
Mohsen Bayati
Guido Imbens
Zhaonan Qu

Ensemble Methods for Causal Effects in Panel Data Settings
w25674 Christopher R. Knittel
Elizabeth Murphy

Generational Trends in Vehicle Ownership and Use: Are Millennials Any Different?
w25671 Amanda E. Kowalski
Counting Defiers
w25668 Bronson Argyle
Taylor D. Nadauld
Christopher Palmer

Monthly Payment Targeting and the Demand for Maturity
w25661 Margherita Borella
Mariacristina De Nardi
Fang Yang

The Lost Ones: the Opportunities and Outcomes of Non-College Educated Americans Born in the 1960s
w25656 Andrea M. Kelly
Jason M. Lindo
Analisa Packham

The Power of the IUD: Effects of Expanding Access to Contraception Through Title X Clinics
w25651 Youssef Benzarti
Jarkko Harju
Tuomas Matikka

Does Mandating Social Insurance Affect Entrepreneurial Activity?
w25648 Eric A. Hanushek
Paul E. Peterson
Laura M. Talpey
Ludger Woessmann

The Unwavering SES Achievement Gap: Trends in U.S. Student Performance
w25642 Manasi Deshpande
Tal Gross
Yalun Su

Disability and Distress: The Effect of Disability Programs on Financial Outcomes
w25637 Luigi Butera
Robert Metcalfe
William Morrison
Dmitry Taubinsky

The Deadweight Loss of Social Recognition
w25636 Juliano Assunção
Robert McMillan
Joshua Murphy
Eduardo Souza-Rodrigues

Optimal Environmental Targeting in the Amazon Rainforest
w25635 Timothy K.M. Beatty
Marianne P. Bitler
Xinzhe Huang Cheng
Cynthia van der Werf

SNAP and Paycheck Cycles
w25626 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman

A Practical Method to Reduce Privacy Loss when Disclosing Statistics Based on Small Samples
w25623 Joel Slemrod
Obeid Ur Rehman
Mazhar Waseem

Pecuniary and Non-Pecuniary Motivations for Tax Compliance: Evidence from Pakistan
w25622 Ricardo Perez-Truglia
The Effects of Income Transparency on Well-Being: Evidence from a Natural Experiment
w25621 Olivier J. Blanchard
Public Debt and Low Interest Rates
w25618 Yiqun Chen
Petra Persson
Maria Polyakova

The Roots of Health Inequality and The Value of Intra-Family Expertise
w25617 Jonathan Heathcote
Kjetil Storesletten
Giovanni L. Violante

Optimal Progressivity with Age-Dependent Taxation
w25612 Tito Boeri
Andrea Ichino
Enrico Moretti
Johanna Posch

Wage Equalization and Regional Misallocation: Evidence from Italian and German Provinces
w25601 Christian Dippel
Political Parties Do Matter in U.S. Cities ... For Their Unfunded Pensions
w25600 Barbara Biasi
School Finance Equalization Increases Intergenerational Mobility: Evidence from a Simulated-Instruments Approach
w25594 Matthew E. Kahn
Pei Li

The Effect of Pollution and Heat on High Skill Public Sector Worker Productivity in China
w25593 Arun G. Chandrasekhar
Victor Chernozhukov
Francesca Molinari
Paul Schrimpf

Best Linear Approximations to Set Identified Functions: With an Application to the Gender Wage Gap
w25590 James Andreoni
Michael A. Kuhn
John A. List
Anya Samek
Kevin Sokal
Charles Sprenger

Toward an Understanding of the Development of Time Preferences: Evidence from Field Experiments
w25587 Helen H. Jensen
Brent Kreider
Oleksandr Zhylyevskyy

Investigating Treatment Effects of Participating Jointly in SNAP and WIC when the Treatment is Validated Only for SNAP
w25586 Itzik Fadlon
Shanthi P. Ramnath
Patricia K. Tong

Market Inefficiency and Household Labor Supply: Evidence from Social Security's Survivors Benefits
w25582 Don Fullerton
Chi L. Ta

Environmental Policy on the Back of an Envelope: A Cobb-Douglas Model is Not Just a Teaching Tool
w25581 Julio J. Elias
Nicola Lacetera
Mario Macis

Paying for Kidneys? A Randomized Survey and Choice Experiment
w25580 V. Kerry Smith
Ben Whitmore

Amenities, Risk, and Flood Insurance Reform
w25578 Louis Kaplow
Market Power and Income Taxation
w25575 Timothy Besley
Anders Jensen
Torsten Persson

Norms, Enforcement, and Tax Evasion
w25574 David S. Lee
Pauline Leung
Christopher J. O'Leary
Zhuan Pei
Simon Quach

Are Sufficient Statistics Necessary? Nonparametric Measurement of Deadweight Loss from Unemployment Insurance
w25571 Marcus Hagedorn
Iourii Manovskii
Kurt Mitman

The Fiscal Multiplier
w25570 Scott P. Burger
Christopher R. Knittel
Ignacio J. Pérez-Arriaga
Ian Schneider
Frederik vom Scheidt

The Efficiency and Distributional Effects of Alternative Residential Electricity Rate Designs
w25560 Meredith Fowlie
Edward A. Rubin
Reed Walker

Bringing Satellite-Based Air Quality Estimates Down to Earth
w25557 John Gathergood
Neale Mahoney
Neil Stewart
Jörg Weber

How Do Americans Repay Their Debt? The Balance-Matching Heuristic
w25548 Jon Kleinberg
Jens Ludwig
Sendhil Mullainathan
Cass R. Sunstein

Discrimination In The Age Of Algorithms
w25546 Daniel G. Garrett
Eric C. Ohrn
Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato

Tax Policy and Local Labor Market Behavior
w25540 Victor Stango
Jonathan Zinman

We are all Behavioral, More or Less: Measuring and Using Consumer-level Behavioral Sufficient Statistics
w25538 Hilary W. Hoynes
Jesse Rothstein

Universal Basic Income in the US and Advanced Countries
w25527 Dhaval M. Dave
Hope Corman
Ariel Kalil
Ofira Schwartz-Soicher
Nancy Reichman

Effects of Maternal Work Incentives on Adolescent Social Behaviors
w25524 Henrik Kleven
Camille Landais
Johanna Posch
Andreas Steinhauer
Josef Zweimüller

Child Penalties Across Countries: Evidence and Explanations
w25523 Timothy J. Kehoe
Carlos Gustavo Machicado
José Peres-Cajías

The Monetary and Fiscal History of Bolivia, 1960-2017
w25520 Eduardo Dávila
Benjamin M. Hébert

Optimal Corporate Taxation Under Financial Frictions
w25518 Mary J. Lopez
Sita Slavov

Do Immigrants Delay Retirement and Social Security Claiming?
w25516 Daniel G. Garrett
Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato

How Elastic is the Demand for Tax Havens? Evidence from the US Possessions Corporations Tax Credit
w25508 Robert J. Barro
Brian Wheaton

Incorporation, and Productivity
w25503 Francesco Maria Esposito
Diego Focanti
Justine S. Hastings

Effects of Photo ID Laws on Registration and Turnout: Evidence from Rhode Island
w25502 Anders Jensen
Employment Structure and the Rise of the Modern Tax System
w25501 Klenio Barbosa
Fernando V. Ferreira

Occupy Government: Democracy and the Dynamics of Personnel Decisions and Public Finances
w25497 Abhijit Banerjee
Emily Breza
Arun G. Chandrasekhar
Markus Mobius

Naive Learning with Uninformed Agents
w25493 Alexander M. Bell
Raj Chetty
Xavier Jaravel
Neviana Petkova
John Van Reenen

Do Tax Cuts Produce More Einsteins? The Impacts of Financial Incentives vs. Exposure to Innovation on the Supply of Inventors
w25492 Simon Jäger
Benjamin Schoefer
Josef Zweimüller

Marginal Jobs and Job Surplus: A Test of the Efficiency of Separations
w25491 Katja Hanewald
Hazel Bateman
Hanming Fang
Shang Wu

Is There a Demand for Reverse Mortgages in China? Evidence from Two Online Surveys
w25488 Mark Duggan
Atul Gupta
Emilie Jackson

The Impact of the Affordable Care Act: Evidence from California's Hospital Sector
w25479 Caroline M. Hoxby
Sarah Turner

Measuring Opportunity in U.S. Higher Education
w25473 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

Active Choice, Implicit Defaults, and the Incentive to Choose
w25468 H. Spencer Banzhaf
Ryan Mickey
Carlianne E. Patrick

Age-Based Property Tax Exemptions
w25462 Gabriel Zucman
Global Wealth Inequality
w25460 Eric A. Hanushek
Addressing Cross-National Generalizability in Educational Impact Evaluation
w25457 Alan J. Auerbach
Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Daniel Murphy

Local Fiscal Multipliers and Fiscal Spillovers in the United States
w25456 Isaiah Andrews
Toru Kitagawa
Adam McCloskey

Inference on Winners
w25451 Eszter Czibor
David Jimenez-Gomez
John A. List

The Dozen Things Experimental Economists Should Do (More of)
w25442 Matthew Smith
Danny Yagan
Owen M. Zidar
Eric Zwick

Capitalists in the Twenty-First Century
w25427 Brady P. Horn
Aakrit Joshi
Johanna Catherine Maclean

Substance Use Disorder Treatment Centers and Property Values
w25419 Anthony Bald
Eric Chyn
Justine S. Hastings
Margarita Machelett

The Causal Impact of Removing Children from Abusive and Neglectful Homes
w25417 Peter Ganong
Pascal J. Noel

Consumer Spending During Unemployment: Positive and Normative Implications

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