NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Jeffrey T. Denning

Brigham Young University
435 Crabtree Building
Provo, UT 84604
Tel: 5127857336

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Institutional Affiliation: Brigham Young University

NBER Working Papers and Publications

April 2019The Return to Hours Worked Within and Across Occupations: Implications for the Gender Wage Gap
with Brian Jacob, Lars Lefgren, Christian vom Lehn: w25739
We document two empirical phenomena. First, the observational wage returns to hours worked within occupation is small, and even negative in some specifications. Second, the wage return to average hours worked across occupations is large. We develop a conceptual framework that reconciles these facts, where the key insight is that workers choose jobs as a bundle of compensation and expected hours worked. As an example, we apply this framework to the gender wage gap and show how it can explain the view expressed in recent work that hours differences between men and women represent a large and growing component of the gender wage gap.
September 2017ProPelled: The Effects of Grants on Graduation, Earnings, and Welfare
with Benjamin M. Marx, Lesley J. Turner: w23860
We estimate effects of the largest U.S. federal grant for college students using administrative data from Texas four-year public colleges and a discontinuity in grant generosity. Eligibility for additional grant aid significantly increases degree receipt and earnings beginning four years after entry. Estimated increases in income tax payments fully recoup government expenditures within ten years. A theoretical model shows that welfare effects of changes in college prices depend on (1) externalities from recipients’ behavioral responses and (2) facilitation of intertemporal consumption smoothing. Calibration suggests that increasing grant aid for low-income college students would enhance welfare in many U.S. settings.
 
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