NBER Reporter: 2007 Number 3 Profiles

NBER Profile: Jean Paul Chavas

Jean Paul Chavas was elected to the NBER's Board of Directors in September to represent the American Agricultural Economics Association (AAEA). He is a Professor in the Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Born in France, where he received his undergraduate degrees, Chavas holds an M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Missouri, Columbia. Prior to joining the faculty of the University of Wisconsin in 1982, he taught at Texas A&M University. He was at the University of Maryland in College Park in 2003-4. In addition to his teaching and research, he has served as a consultant on USAID projects in Tunisia and Burkina Faso.

Chavas's research interests are production economics, risk, quantitative methods, and welfare analysis. He has received a number of awards in recent years for Outstanding Research, and was elected a Fellow of the AAEA in 1994. He enjoys traveling.

Jean Paul Chavas

NBER Profile: Richard B. Freeman

Richard B. Freeman directs the Labor Studies Program at the National Bureau of Economic Research. He also holds the Herbert Ascherman Chair in Economics at Harvard University, serves as Faculty Director of the Labor and Worklife Program at the Harvard Law School, and directs (with Daniel Goroff) the NBER / Sloan Science Engineering Workforce Project. In addition, Freeman is visiting professor at the London School of Economics (LSE) and the Senior Research Fellow in Labour Markets at LSE's Centre for Economic Performance.

Freeman received his Bachelor's degree from Dartmouth College and his Ph.D. from Harvard University. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, of the American Association of Advancement of Science and of Sigma Xi, and has served on five panels of the National Academy of Sciences, including the Committee on National Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Scientists. He received the Mincer Lifetime Achievement Prize from the Society of Labor Economics in 2006; he was awarded the IZA Prize in Labor Economics in 2007.

Freeman has published over 300 articles on a wide range of topics including: the job market for scientists and engineers; the growth and decline of unions; the effects of immigration and trade on inequality; restructuring European welfare states; Chinese labor markets; transitional economies; youth labor market problems; crime; self-organizing non-unions in the labor market; employee involvement programs; and income distribution and equity in the marketplace. He also has written or edited more than 35 books, several of which have been translated into French, Spanish, Chinese, and Japanese. His most recent book is America Works: The Exceptional Labor Market (2007). He is currently working on ways to give American workers greater voice and higher rewards in economic life.

Freeman, whose splits his time between Brookline, MA and London, England, is married to Alida Castillo. They have a teen-aged son, Morgan, and a daughter, Rhyanna (aka "Spikey"). He was last "Profiled" in the NBER Reporter in 1989, and claims that he looks just as he did in 1989 "due to a magic potion I found known as excitement about labor research."

Richard B. Freeman

NBER Profile: Mark Grinblatt

Mark Grinblatt was elected to the NBER's Board of Directors at its fall 2007 meeting. Grinblatt, who holds the J. Clayburn LaForce Endowed Chair in Management at UCLA, represents that university on the NBER's Board. He held a Research Associate position in NBER's Program on Asset Pricing prior to being appointed to the board.

Grinblatt received his M.A., M.Phil., and Ph.D. from Yale University and his undergraduate degree from the University of Michigan. His research and teaching interests focus on financial economics. He is a former president of the Western Finance Association and currently serves on the boards of the American Finance Association and Salomon Swapco, Inc.

His spouse, Rena, is a Professor of Psychology at UCLA. They have two children. He enjoys skiing, mountain biking, and any activity that lets him spend time with his family.

Mark Grinblatt

NBER Profile: John B. Shoven

John B. Shoven is a Research Associate in the NBER's Programs on Aging, Public Economics, and Economic Fluctuations and Growth. He is also the Charles R. Schwab Professor of Economics at Stanford University and the Wallace R. Hawley Director of Stanford's Institute for Economic Policy Research. He previously served as the Dean of Humanities and Sciences at Stanford.

Shoven received his B.A. in Physics from the University of California, San Diego in 1969 and his Ph.D. in economics from Yale University in 1973. His research interests include: economic demography, Social Security and private pensions; Medicare and health insurance; corporate finance (dividend behavior, mergers and acquisitions, share repurchase); stock and bond returns; mutual funds; federal, personal, and corporate income taxation; and applied general equilibrium analysis. He is currently studying the work incentives embedded in Social Security and Medicare benefit rules, asset allocation and asset location theory, and the long-run future of pension fund saving, including public policy towards pensions. His most recent NBER Working Paper introduces alternatives to the usual years-since-birth measure of age. The alternatives are based on mortality risk, or the chance of dying within one year.

Shoven is a Fellow of the Econometrics Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 2000 he and his co-author, Sylvester Schieber, received the Paul A. Samuelson Certificate of Excellence for their book The Real Deal: The History and Future of Social Security. He has written a forthcoming book (WWNorton, April 2008) with George Shultz titled Putting Our House In Order: A Guide to Social Security and Health Care Reform. Shoven is Chairman of the Board of Cadence Design Systems, the leading company in the field of electronic design automation. He is also on the board of Exponent and American Century Funds. He is an avid Stanford sports fanatic. In fact, the information screen on his car displays "Beat Cal" every time the car is started. At least in football, recent outcomes have been unfavorable. He also enjoys traveling with his wife, Katie, and his son, Jimmy, who is a senior at Santa Clara University.

John B. Shoven
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